Speech therapy exercises play an important role in developing Speech and language skills.
Here I am going to list down some very- very important exercises for children with Autism. I have used these all exercises with my students in 22 years of my career and got amazing and phenomenal results.
These all exercises helps in strengthening the muscles of oral area that is mouth. One big reason of Speech delays and disorders is due to weakness of oral muscles.
Due to hypotonic muscles children are not able to use articulators even if they have potential to do more and resultant they face articulation problems, fluency issues which is stammering and cluttering.
Oral Exercises help in improving fluency, articulation, voice, and overall speech along with muscle strengthening. Due to muscle strength verbal language gets better and activities of language help in enhancing communication.
The exercises of blowing are the basic exercises which has a correct hierarchy according to that blowing flutes, whistles are the first ones, then bubbles, then blowing of the balloon.
Blowing helps in strengthening of mouth muscles. It allows inhalation and exhalation so gives training of Breathing coordination. https://speechtherapys.com/activity-1-vocabulary-development-through-play-and-fun-activities-at-home/
Sucking is the main exercise which is a simple and effective way to improve strength of oral muscles. Start teaching sucking to children with liplock straw you can find it on Amazon
Start by making comfortable with the lip lock part or only straw. Give only straw to the child or give his favorite drink and press the bottle , so by pressing liquid will go in his mouth.
Support lower lip, otherwise liquid spill outside. Initially you need to give the drink with pressing. Tilting and supporting lower and sometimes both lips to make children aware that he has to drink liquid with the straw. Gradually you stop pressing in the middle of the activity.
Observe if child is still drinking, if not press again. This period of moving from pressing bottle or tilting bottle different for each child. Some of the children learn in the first week and some child takes longer. So keep working and gradually you will start noticing the results.
Pretend play is the recommended part of my language program for all the children those are learning to speak , facing some delay in speech- language or already diagnosed with some issues.
This play technique is a normal part of language development. Children love playing with their toys and they normally does pretend play with their dolls, cars, animals and other toys. https://link.medium.com/9Z4ETBLJFnb
When children have issues or they are alone at home, they need someone to sit and play with them. Here I am giving a short list of pretend play activities
- Farm and wild animals
- doll house
- kitchen sets
- stuff toys
Reading is my favorite and must activity for my therapy sessions. Without story there is no balance of the speech- language session. Reading, telling, retelling, recalling, answering questions and finally asking questions are the main activities that we can do through reading. Reading improves vocabulary, enhance sentences making, answering questions and give rise to two way communication.
Children love story books and they enjoy reading through pictures, through schema of books give them idea of many new things and they get a chance to relate happenings in the past. You can develop schema on whatever a child requires by telling some tailor made stories of your own.
Best books for beginners are Bubbles series because these books have only one sentence per page with a big colorful picture.
Interacting and Talking
Interacting and talking is the utmost important activity of daily living. It not only enhances vocabulary and Language skills, but it also boosts social development in children. It gives them confidence of what to speak and when to speak.
Talk to your child day and night while doing the activities, Ask them about their choice of eating, activities, going to places, and about their favorite things. Don’t forget to talk about feelings, share your feeling so that they learn how to share feelings.
Even when you are talking to them on a daily basis, they are continually learning the way to communicate.
So enjoy your child everyday and keep working on the given goals. I am a thousand percent sure that these goals add value to your life and you will see results